rcldßhlg r;akmqrhg weú;a ore mjq, wu;l lr wka;#mqr ud<s.hl Ôj;a jqK weyef,afmd< uy wÈldrï


Nov 11, 2019 11:54 pm    Views: 5871

rcldßhlg r;akmqrhg weú;a ore mjq, wu;l lr wka;#mqr ud<s.hl Ôj;a jqK weyef,afmd< uy wÈldrï


jfrl foaYfødaysfhl= f,i yxjvq .eiqKd" jfrl foaYfma%ñfhl= f,i kï oerejd''''''

wka;#mqr ud<s.dfõ isg úúO ÈYdj,g hd yels Wux ud¾.''''''

rfcl= ú¢k iem ‘‘rc iem’’ fõ' tu rc iem ;=< iSud udhsï fkdue;s ;rïh' ukao mqrdKfha rfÜ mQ¾K n,h ysñ jQ tlu ;eke;a;d jQfha rcqu muKla jQ ksidfjks' Okfhka o n,fhka o rK YQr;ajfhka o f;aciska o nenÆKd jQ rcqg m%Odk w.ìij yereKúg ;j;a ia;%Ska rdYshla weiqre lsÍfï jrm%idoh o ysñj ;snqKs'


rcq Whka fl<sfha fhfokúg Tyq iu. .uka lsÍug" isßhyka .nvdfõ isák úg Wjgeka lsÍug" c,iakdkh lrkúg T!IO wdÈh weÛ wdf,am lsÍug wd§ jQ wfkalúO ld¾hhka i|yd rc ud<s.dfõ rEm fidandfjka w.;ekam;a ia;%Ska iuQyhla jdih lrk ,§' fuu ia;%S iuQyh rcqf.a wka;#mqrh f,i y÷kajkq ,eîh'

rfcl=g isáh hq;= wka;#mqr ia;%Skaf.a m%udKh iSud rys; jQ w;r rcq is;a.;a ´kEu ia;%shla fjf;d;a rdc wKska weh rcqf.a wka;#mqrhg tlalr.kakd ,§' weh újdyl o wújdyl o hkak Bg wod< fkdùh' fï fidhd n,kafka fujka wka;#mqr ia;%Ska yd ne¢ ia:dkhls' tkï th wka;#mqr ia;%Ska fjkqfjkau bÈlrk ,o ud<s.djls' tys iqúfYaIs;ajh jeälrk ,laIK rdYshls' tajd kï tu wka;#mqr ud<s.dj bÈlr we;af;a rfcl= fkdùu" th oekg furg olakg ,efnk tlu wka;#mqr ud<s.dj ùu" th jir 200lg;a jvd me/Ks ùu" ta ;=<ska uykqjr o<od ud<s.dfõ m;a;sßmamqfõ ,laIK o fmkakqï lsÍu yd ryia Wux ud¾. moaO;shlska o iukaú; ùuh'

fujka iqúfYaIS ,laIK rdYshlska iukaú; fuu wmQ¾j;u f.dvke.s,a, msysgd we;af;a fld<U - r;akmqr ud¾.fha ^r;akmqr foig tkúg& ol=Kq miska r;akmqr k.rfhauh' fld<U isg meñfKk Tng r;akmqr k.rfha ol=Kq miska *¾.ika nd,sld úoHd,h yuqfõ' tu úoHd,hg hk udjf;a lsf,da ógr Nd.hla muK .shúg tu úoHd,hg msgqmiska fuu wmQ¾j;u f.dvke.s,a, oel.; yels fõ' fuu fouy,a f.dvke.s,af,ka bx.%Sis .Dy ks¾udK ,laIK fmkakqï l< o Wvrg isxy, foaYSh .Dy ks¾udK ,laIK o we;=<;a lr we;s nj y÷kd.; yelsh'

fouy,a f.dvke.s,af,a by< ud,h f.dvk.d we;af;a oej fhdod ilia lr.;a fid,afodrhla u;h' tu by< ud,fha ldur ;%s;ajhla jk w;r yd;ami iqkaor;ajh fmfkk jerkavdjlska o iukaú; fõ' my< ud,fha /iaùï i|yd Ndú; l<d hehs ie,flk Yd,djla yd ldurhla fõ'

wka;#mqr ud<s.dfõ b;sydih ms<sn|j fidhd n,kúg th weyef,afmd< uy wÈldrï yd ne£ mj;sk nj fmfka' Tyq ,laÈj wjika rcq jQ Y%S úl%u rdcisxy rcqf.a kshufhka r;akmqrhg meñK we;af;a inr.uq jeishka Wvrg rcqg f.úh hq;= nÿ meyer yeÍu ms<sn|j fidhd n,d tu nÿ tl;= lsÍugh' kuq;a Tyq inr.uqfõ rfcl= f,i jecfUñka lkao Wvrg jä. rcqg úreoaOj l=uka;%Kh l< njg u;jdo fõ' fï ksid Tyqg ;u ore mjq, mjd b;d ïf,aÉP f,i wysñ úh'

fufia r;akmqrfha rdcldßhg meñKs weyef,afmd, uywêldrï l,la r;akmqrfha ngqf.or msysá j,õjl Èú f.jqjo miqj r;akmqr uOHfhau kj j,õjla bÈlr we;'

j¾;udkfha tys r;akmqr cd;sl fl!;=ld.drh mj;ajdf.k hhs' fufia ;ukag ks, ksjila bÈlr.;a fyf;u lkao Wvrg isá ;ukaf.a Nd¾hdj yd orejka o wu;l lrñka wkH ia;%Skaf.a myi ú¢kakg jQ nj yd ta i|yd Tyq ;u j,õjg by<ska jQ NQñfha wka;#mqr ud<s.djla bÈlr we;s nj fuu f.dvke.s,a, iïnkaOfhka jk ckm%jdÈ; u;hhs'

fuu wka;#mqr ud<s.dfõ úfYaI;ajh fidhdn,k úg th oekg b;sßj mj;sk rc oji bÈjQ tlu wka;#mqr ud<s.dj nj mejiSu hqla;s iy.;h' tfiau tys ;snQ tla ldurhl isg weyef,afmd< wêldrïf.a j,õjg;a" r;akmqr ´,kao n<fldgqjg;a yd l¿ ..g;a úys§ .sh Wux moaO;shla ;snQ njg ckm%jdofha ths' miqld,Sk m%;sixialrK yuqfõ tu Wux moaO;sh jeiS f.dia we;s w;r tajd oEiska ÿgqjka o ;ju;a r;akmqrfha fjfik nj fkdryils'

úf–isxy fn,s.,a, úiska mßj¾;kh lrk ,o fcda¾Ê g¾k¾ ÿgq r;akmqr Èidj lD;sfha fuu Wux ms<sn| weiska ÿgq úia;rhla o wka;¾.; fõ' thg wkqj weyef,afmd<f.a ks, ksjfia isg ógr 250la muK wE;ska msysá r;akmqr ´,kao n<fldgqjg Wux ud¾.hla ;sî we;'

fcda¾Ê g¾k¾ i|yka lrk mßÈ tu Wu. ks, ksjfia we;=¿ ldurhlska wdrïN ù ;sfí' weyef,afmd, uy wêldrïf.ka miqj fuu ks, ksjfia jdih lrk ,o n%s;dkH Wm Èidm;sjreka o fuu Wu. Ndú;fhka j,õfõ isg fldgqfõ ;snQ lÉfÉßhg f.dia we;'

r;akmqrh jkdys ksrka;rfhka .xj;=rg wiqjk m%foaYhla ksid .xj;=rg myiqfjka yiqfkdjk j,õfõ isg mßmd,k uOHia:dkh jQ fldgqjg hdug fuu NQ.; Wux moaO;sh fnfyúka m%fhdackj;a jkakg we;'

fuu j,õfõ isg weyef,afmd< uy wêldrïf.a wka;#mqrh isá lkao Wv f.dvke.s,a,g" fldgqjg yd fuu wka;#mqr f.dvke.s,af,a isg tu ia;%Skag Èh kEug l¿ .Ûg ryfiau hdug Wux ;snQ nj tu lD;sfha oela fõ' tl, inr.uqfõ isá w;s olaI Wux lmkakd jQfha uvqjkafj, kskao.ï j,õfõ isá uyd fudfydÜgd, ;ekh' lgqjk uyd ix.%dufha § inr.uq m<df;ka tal rdYs jQ fiakdj lgqjk ´,kao n<fldgqj olajd ryfia f.dia we;af;a o Wux ud¾.hlsks' r;akmqr weyef,afmd< j,õj yd iïnkaê; Wux moaO;sh o fuu uyd fudfydÜgd,f.a ks¾udKhla njg i|yka fõ'

1823 § fuu j,õjg meñKs Wm Èidm;s fcda¾Ê g¾k¾ tlake<sf.dv Èidfõ iuÛ weyef,afmd< j,õfõ jk Wux moaO;shg msúi we;' Bg fmr 1820 § r;akmqrhg meñKs frdnÜ n%jqkaß.a wdKavqldrjrhd weyef,afmd<f.ka wid ;snQ úia;rj,g wkqj Tyqf.a jia;=j iÛjd ;snQ Wux moaO;sh fidhdf.k tys iÛjd ;snQ jia;=j l=vdloa fod<ylska fld<Ug /f.k .sh njg u; we;'

weyef,afmd< uy wêldrï ;u j,õfõ isg Wux moaO;shla ks¾udKh lr ;snqfKa ;u wka;#mqrhg hdug yd mßmd,k lghq;= i|yd fldgqjg hdug muKla fkdjk njg o u; fõ' 1763 § inr.uqfjka ´,kao fiakdj m,jd yeÍfuka miqj Tjqka úiska r;akmqr fldgqfõ iÛjd ;enqfõ hehs ie,l+ uyd jia;= iïNdrhla fmdf<dj hg we;ehs hk uvqjkafj, uyd fudfydÜgdf.a lSu ksid tajd .ekSfï wdYdj o uy wêldrïg meje;s njg u; fõ'

fuu Wux moaO;shg 1823 § WmÈidm;s fcda¾Ê g¾k¾" tlake<sf.dv Èidj yd ;j;a .eñhka lsysm fofkl= msúi we;' l=reúg fldar,fha .ïjeishka jQ Wlal=ydñ úodfka rd<" uqo,sydñ f,alï" jkakl= fudykaÈrï" no.ï ÿrdf.a rkalsrd" nvye,s lsßkhsfoa hk msßia o,ajd.;a mkaoï yd whqO iys;j fufia Wu.g msisj we;'

fodakdj ;=< oeä w÷rla meje;s w;r th ñksiqkag fl<ska isgf.k .uka l< yels Wila iys;j ;kd ;sî we;' c,h Wu. ;=<g ldkaÿùu je<elaùu i|yd Wux ì;a;sfha >klu noduhla fhdod ;sî we;' jd;dY%h ,nd.ekSug ;kjd ;snQ jd ljq¿ miaj,ska jeiS ;sî we;' tfiau Wu. ;=< jk w÷r keiSug f;,a myka yd mkaoï o,ajd ;snQ lKq o iudka;r ÿrlska msysgqjd ;sî we;'

lkao Wvrg Y%S úl%u rdcisxy rcqg úreoaOj hñka lghq;= l< weyef,afmd< wÈldrï ;uka ;ekQ wka;#mqr ud<s.djg lkao Wvrg o<od ud<s.dfõ m;a;sßmamqfõ yevh o tlalr ;snqfKa rcqg ßoùug foda hehs isf;a' Wvrg rcqka ck;dj weu;Su m;a;sßmamqfõ isg isÿlr we;s w;r we;eïúg weyef,afmd< uy wÈldrï o tjeks ld¾hhla i|yd fuu m;a;sßmamq yeve;s fldgi Ndú;d lrkakg we;'

tu yevh f.dvke.s,af,a fomiskau úoHdudk fõ' jir 200lg;a jvd me/Ks b;sydihlg Wreulï lshk fuu f.dvke.s,a, weyef,afmd< wÈldrï furáka msgqjy,a lsÍfuka wk;=rej tl, hg;aúð; wdKavqfõ tacka;jrekaf.a ks, ksjdih njg m;aj we;' ta wkqj ishjilg wêl ld,hla tacka;jrekaf.a ks, ksjdih jQ fuu ud<s.dj j¾;udkfha mqrdúoHd fomd¾;fïka;=fõ r;akmqr Èia;%sla ld¾hd,h ia:dms; lr ;sfí'

jfrl foaYfødaysfhl= f,i yxjvq .eiqKd jQ o ;j;a jfrl foaYfma%ñfhl= f,i kï oerejd jQ o weyef,afmd< uy wÈldrï úiska bÈlrk ,o fujka wmQ¾j;u f.dvke.s,a,la r;akmqrfha ;sfnk nj r;akmqrfha jeishka o wid fkd;sfnkakg we;' r;akmqr *¾.ika nd,sld úoHd,h we;=<;ska .uka lrk ud¾.fha fl<jr msysgd we;s fuu f.dvke.s,a, crdjdij meje;s iufha tu mdi,a isiqúhka y÷kajd we;af;a fyd,auka nx.,dj f,isks' tfia ye¢kaùug fya;=j fuys f;acia iajNdjh yd Tjqkag fuu ia:dkhg we;=¿ùug fkdyelsùu ksid is;a ;=< we;sj ;snQ l=;=y,hhs' fuu fy<sorõfjka miqj fyg Èk r;akmqr cd;sl fl!;=ld.drh keröug meñfKk Tn Bg Tífnka msysá ,xldfõ fjk;a lsisÿ ia:dkhl olakg fkdue;s wka;#mqr ud<s.djla ne,Sug o wjia:dj Wodlr.kakjd ksielh'

,xld§m
fla' Wfoaks wreKisß


weyef,afmd< uy wÈldrï







 

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